Education, Life Style

Is it worth buying the Best Laptops under 30000

Laptops are invented by the developers to make every task easy and complete it quickly and smoothly. There are the variety of Laptops which possess of the variety of branded companies, and their functioning and features are also very different for different types of tasks for the various people. Laptops are used to carry on every task by which people are more ambitious to accomplish every task quickly and smoothly.

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Science and Technology

The Action Plan of Nuclear Summit

The global leaders resolved to carry out the Action Plan in support of initiatives like the Global Initiatives to Combat

Nuclear Terrorism, and the Global Partnership (GP) against the Spreac of Weapons and Material of Mas5 Destruction. The GP contributes tc development, coordination, imple­mentation and finance of new o: expanded cooperation projects ir various areas including nuclear anc radiological security and the imple­mentation of UN Resolution 1540. The members of GP work bilaterally as well multilaterally, according to their respective means. The Action plan adopted during the fourth Nuclear Summit describes those actions and measures, which promote and advance nuclear security. The Action plan focuses on strengthening national nuclear security regimes by such actions as promotion of culture of nuclear security, strengthening nuclear material transportation security, development of alternative technologies for nuclear security, supporting the effective implemen­tation of the guidelines of Inter­national Atomic Energy Agency, promoting training for nuclear security, and supporting develop­ment of awareness about the smug­gling of prohibited nuclear material. The other activities outlined in the Action Plan include assisting pro­grammes to strengthen nuclear forensic capabilities, providing assis­tance in safe disposal and conversion of nuclear material, strengthening cooperation with international fora with similar objectives, promoting the work of Global Partnership in nuclear security and developing a rapid res­ponse capability in case of unantici­pated nuclear and radiological security situations.

Education, Life Style, Science and Technology, Travel and Explore

Fourth Nuclear Security Summit, Washington, 2016

fourth edition of Nuclear Security Summit was held in Washington on March 31-April 1, 2016. This is the last edition of the four Summits, which started in 2010 at Washington. The leaders from 52 countries partici­pated in this grand summit. Indian Prime Ministers have keenly partici­pated in all four Summits. During 2016 Summit, Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi took active part and presented India’s National Progress Report, which contains the steps taken by India to ensure security of nuclear material and technology.

The Summit took stock of the progress made in last six years towards ensuring national security in the world. American President Barack Obama summed the achievements of the Summit process as he remarked, ‘We have now removed or secured all the highly enriched uranium or plutonium from more than 50 facili­ties in 30 countries-more than 3.8 tons, which is more than enough to create 150 nuclear weapons. Since the beginning of Summit process, summit participants have made over 260 national security commitments and most of these commitments have been implemented. In a nutshell the outcomes of nuclear security summits are: nuclear material removed or eliminated; relevant treaties ratified and implemented; reactors converted into safe mode; nuclear security regulations strengthened; 15 coun­tries established centres of excellence for nuclear security training and support; and nuclear security tech­nology and capability enhanced.

It was amidst these achievements that the fourth Nuclear Security Summit discussed and considered new measures to evolve and streng­then a robust global mechanism for nuclear security. The Summit parti­cipants issued a final Communique on April 1, 2016, which highlights the major concerns and initiatives of global community to deal with the challenges of nuclear security. The main points included in this Com­munique are:

  1. While recognizing the threat of nuclear and radiological terrorism as one of the greatest challenges of international security, it claimed that the summit process has strengthened the nuclear security architecture at national, regional and global levels. It also demanded the universalization and effective implementation of inter­national legal mechanisms of nuclear security like International Conven­tion on the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism; and the Conven­tion on Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and facilities.
  2. The leaders reaffirmed their faith in the shared goals of nuclear disarmament and nuclear non­proliferation as well as rights of states to the peaceful use of nuclear energy. They also affirmed the fundamental responsibility of all states to maintain all time effective security of nuclear material and technology under their control.
  3. The threat of nuclear terro­rism can be countered by fostering stable and peaceful international environment, constant vigilance at all levels, and international cooperation including sharing of relevant infor­mation among states.
  4. The leaders reaffirmed the essential responsibility and the central role of the International Atomic Energy Agency in streng­thening the global nuclear security architecture as well as guiding and supporting the efforts of the states for that purpose.
  5. The leaders also resolved to support efforts of international orga­nizations like UN and INTERPOL.